Aurobindo Ghosh, also known as Sri Aurobindo, was a multifaceted personality who left an indelible mark on India’s struggle for independence, spirituality, and philosophy. Born on August 15, 1872, in Calcutta, British India, Aurobindo Ghosh emerged as one of the most influential figures in the Indian nationalist movement and went on to become a revered spiritual teacher and philosopher. This biography aims to delve into the life, accomplishments, and philosophy of Aurobindo Ghosh, highlighting his contributions to the freedom movement and his profound spiritual insights.
Early Life and Education:
Aurobindo Ghosh was born into a well-to-do Bengali family. His father, Dr. Krishna Dhun Ghose, was a prominent physician, and his mother, Swarnalata Devi, hailed from a religious and intellectual background. Aurobindo was educated at St. Paul’s School in Darjeeling and later attended King’s College, Cambridge, where he immersed himself in a wide range of subjects, including literature, philosophy, and the sciences. His time in England exposed him to Western thought and culture, providing him with a broader perspective that would shape his future endeavors.
Aurobindo ghosh famous books
Many Books are written on aurobindo ghosh. Some famous book are given here.
- The Life Divine
- Savitri: A Legend and a Symbol
- The Mother
- Synthesis of Yoga
- The Hour of God
- Sri Aurobindo And Mother To Prithwi Singh
- The Secret of the Veda.
Political Awakening and Role in the Freedom Movement:
Upon returning to India in 1893, Aurobindo Ghosh became increasingly aware of the oppressive nature of British colonial rule and the urgent need for independence. He joined the Indian National Congress and became an active participant in the nationalist movement. Aurobindo’s powerful oratory and insightful writings played a crucial role in mobilizing the masses and instilling a sense of nationalistic pride. His articles in the newspaper “Bande Mataram” became a clarion call for freedom and a source of inspiration for countless Indians.
Revolutionary Activities and Imprisonment:
Aurobindo Ghosh’s unwavering commitment to the cause of Indian independence led him to engage in revolutionary activities. He believed in armed resistance as a means to overthrow British rule. In 1908, he was implicated in the Alipore Bomb Case, accused of planning and executing acts of violence against British officials. Despite being acquitted of the charges, Aurobindo realized that the path to freedom lay not only in armed struggle but also in spiritual awakening and the transformation of consciousness.
Following his release from prison, Aurobindo Ghosh experienced a profound spiritual awakening that reshaped his worldview. He withdrew from active politics and retreated to Pondicherry, seeking a solitary and contemplative life. It was during this period that he delved deeply into the practice of yoga and meditation, exploring the realms of consciousness and spiritual evolution. Aurobindo’s teachings emphasized the concept of integral yoga, which sought the integration and harmony of all aspects of human existence – the physical, mental, and spiritual.
Establishment of the Sri Aurobindo Ashram:
In 1926, Aurobindo Ghosh founded the Sri Aurobindo Ashram in Pondicherry, which became a spiritual sanctuary and a center for the practice of integral yoga. The ashram attracted seekers from all over the world who sought guidance on their spiritual journeys. Aurobindo emphasized the importance of self-realization, inner growth, and the transformation of consciousness as the path to individual and collective evolution. His teachings, shared through writings, discourses, and personal interactions, continue to inspire and guide spiritual aspirants to this day.
|Birthdate||August 15, 1872|
|Education||St. Paul’s School,|
|Notable Works||The Life Divine,|
|on the Gita|
|Leader of Bengal|
|Deathdate||December 5, 1950|
Sri Aurobindo was an Indian philosopher, yogi, maharishi, poet, and Indian nationalist.
Bipin Chandra Pal